On 21 May 2021, the World celebrates the 40th Anniversary of the adoption of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (otherwise known as the Code) by the 34th World Health Assembly on 21 May 1981. The Code aims to contribute to the provision of safe and adequate nutrition for infants by the protection and promotion of breast-feeding, and by ensuring the proper use of breast-milk substitutes by restricting promotions that target the general public, mothers and health workers.
This toolkit provides background information and facts on the Code, including graphics and links to resources. To use any of the graphics on this page, simply right-click on the image you want to use and save it to your computer by selecting, "save image as." Please indicate the photo source indicated in the caption of each photo.
In collaboration with UNICEF, the WHO, and partners, the Global Breastfeeding Collective will host a virtual meeting via Zoom to celebrate this milestone. The event aims to engage and equip delegates to strengthen country-level implementation of the Code, including its subsequent resolutions. As one in a series of major global events in the Year of Action on Nutrition, midway through the United Nations (UN) Decade of Action on Nutrition, the Code at 40 Celebration will focus on protecting babies’ health by calling on governments to make specific, measurable, time-bound (SMART) policy commitments to implement and enforce the Code, including subsequent resolutions. This event marks the beginning of a year of outputs and events focusing on strengthening implementation of the Code undertaken by the Global Breastfeeding Collective partners and its partner organisations.
The main points
- Aggressive and predatory marketing of breastmilk substitutes, including formula milks, creates a major barrier to breastfeeding in high as well as low and middle income countries.
- As we celebrate the 40th anniversary of the World Health Assembly’s adoption of the International CODE of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes (CODE), we mark an important milestone in our global efforts to protect infants from predatory marketing that places profits before health.
- Implementing the CODE protects all infants – breastfed, not-breastfed, and mixed fed – by prohibiting marketing practices that inflate the price of ‘premium’ formula milks that are no better than cheaper formula milk products.
- Since 1981, the World Health Assembly has revisited and updated the Code through subsequent resolutions that clarify the provisions of the Code to address emerging marketing techniques and novel products- companies use.
- 136 countries have enacted legal measures that give effect to Code.
- 80% of these missing key provisions of the Code, leaving important loopholes for industry to exploit. And enforcement of the Code laws is often inadequate. Impressive though this is, we must do more
- The baby food industry continues to use many of the promotional tactics they did in the 1970s but have become even more sophisticated in pushing breastmilk substitutes through online social clubs, targeted ads, and hosting contests to be a formula “influencer”.
- Protecting society’s most vulnerable citizens from exploitation by commercial interests requires the baby food industry to stop putting profits before public health. Governments must act and enforce effective national laws and regulations to make this happen.
- The Global Breastfeeding Collective and its partners call on all governments to protect mothers and babies from commercial exploitation by enacting and enforcing strong national legislation and stand ready to support you in that process.
Primary hashtag: #BMSCodeAt40 (use this for promoting the event and for live-tweeting during the event)
Secondary hashtags: #BabiesBeforeProfits, #BMSCode (use these to gather relevant messages and link our messages to those pushed by our partner organisations).
Register to attend the 40th anniversary of the Code virtual celebration 🎉 We’ll reflect on our successes to make the next 40 years even stronger. #BMSCodeAt40 https://bit.ly/335G0ms
Join us for the 40th anniversary of the adoption of the Code! Forty years ago, the world took a stand to say #BabiesBeforeProfit. Forty years on, it’s time to end the promotion of foods for infants and young children. https://bit.ly/335G0ms
Predatory formula marketing ➡️ harms the health & development of babies. Join us for #BMSCOde40 to find out how we can stop it. #BMSCode #BabiesBeforeProfits https://bit.ly/335G0ms
Companies exploit women’s fears and vulnerabilities during the #COVID19 pandemic as they always do in emergencies. Governments must enforce the #BMSCode to protect our babies. #BabiesBeforeProfits
2021 = #NutritionYearOfAction. Governments must commit to adopt and enforce #BMSCode legislation. Please put #BabiesBeforeProfits
It is past time to put #BabiesBeforeProfits. Thank you to the Global Breastfeeding Collective, @UNICEF & @WHO for today’s celebration of the #BMSCodeAt40. Let’s enact and enforce #BMSCode legislation.
The 40th Anniversary of the #BMSCode is a powerful reminder of what happens when the 🌍comes together to protect the youngest lives. This #NutritionYearOfAction, Governments can once again pledge to safeguard children’s lives by #ProtectingBreastfeeding + putting #BabiesBeforeBusiness.
Tweets (<141 characters)
Enacting & enforcing #BMSCode legislation stops formula companies preying on mothers who want the best for their babies. #BabiesBeforeProfits
#BMSCode legislation protects families from formula companies that exploit gaps in support for breastfeeding. #BabiesBeforeProfits
#BMSCode legislation ONLY protects families from predatory formula marketing when governments ENFORCE it. #BabiesBeforeProfits
Formula companies spend more on marketing than governments spend on breastfeeding support. #BabiesBeforeProfits
58 countries still need legislation 40 years after #WHO adopted the #BMSCode. The time to put #BabiesBeforeProfits has come.
The #BMSCode ONLY protects families from predatory formula marketing when governments act on it. #BabiesBeforeProfits
80% of #BMSCode legislation is missing key provisions of the CODE. Close loopholes. Protect babies Put #BabiesBeforeProfits
Mothers want freedom from predatory marketing. Enacting and enforcing #BMSCode legislation puts #BabiesBeforeProfits.
Resources & Links