Field note

Desk review and SBCC roadmap provide valuable insights into Indonesia’s Stunting Reduction Movement

30 Apr 19
Topic(s): Breastfeeding, Complementary feeding, Maternal nutrition
Location: East Asia Pacific
Language(s): English
Audience: Program designers and implementers
Programs: Social and behavior change
Indonesia desk review cover
Indonesia desk review cover

Alive & Thrive (A&T) researchers conducted an extensive desk review on maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and nutrition-sensitive practices in Indonesia. The effort is aimed at supporting a national social and behavior change communication (SBCC) strategy as part of the Government of Indonesia’s National Stunting Reduction Movement.



Stunting prevalence in Indonesia
Stunting prevalence in Indonesia is one of many topics covered in the 2018 MIYCN and Nutrition-Sensitive Practices Desk Review. Source: Bappenas RISKEDAS 2018.



cover-roadmapAlthough Indonesia has made substantial progress related to MIYCN over the past 20 years, the country maintains the fifth-highest prevalence of under-5 stunting (37%) globally.

In 2017, the Government of Indonesia responded by launching the multisectoral National Stunting Reduction Movement, which prioritizes SBCC to address stunting during the first 1,000 days. Through the movement, the Indonesian government mobilized partners to plan for a national strategy on SBCC, with A&T given the task of conducting an extensive desk review on MIYCN and nutrition-sensitive practices in Indonesia.

To meet this request A&T’s researchers reviewed more than 400 sources from the past 10 years and compiled a comprehensive summary of existing literature and knowledge gaps on MIYCN; water, sanitation and hygiene; and early childhood development (ECD) practices in the “1,000 days” window of opportunity.

A&T and key stakeholders—including UNICEF Indonesia, IMA World Health, Millennium Challenge Account Indonesia and The World Bank—continued to support the National Stunting Reduction Movement by using evidence from the desk review and other sources to develop a roadmap toward an SBCC strategy.

The roadmap includes key findings from the desk review as well as an assessment of existing communication materials used in Indonesia. The document calls for a consensus-building process and provides guidance for the government and other key stakeholders to develop a national advocacy and behavior change communication strategy.

A&T is excited to share both the roadmap and the 83-page desk review with the global nutrition community. With funding from the Tanoto Foundation, A&T has now contracted Empatika PT to dig deeper into critical MIYCN and ECD practices using innovative research and co-creation techniques that give communities an opportunity to shape solutions to challenges. The findings from these efforts will help inform the communication approaches and activities that are part of the National Stunting Reduction Movement's SBCC strategy.