Journal article

Oct 30 2023

Breastfeeding and infant care as ‘sexed’ care work: reconsideration of the three Rs to enable women’s rights, economic empowerment, nutrition and health (Gribble KD, Smith JP, et al. Frontiers in Public Health. 2023)

The "Three Rs" framework aims to achieve gender equality by recognizing, reducing, and redistributing women's care and domestic work. However, breastfeeding is a unique form of care work that should not be reduced and cannot be directly redistributed to fathers or others.

Journal article

Feb 07 2023

Marketing of commercial milk formula: a system to capture parents, communities, science, and policy (Rollins N, Piwoz E, Zambrano P, et al, The Lancet. 2023)

Despite proven benefits, less than half of infants and young children globally are breastfed in accordance with the recommendations of WHO.

Journal article

Feb 07 2023

Breastfeeding: crucially important, but increasingly challenged in a market-driven world (Pérez-Escamilla R, Tomori C, et al, The Lancet. 2023)

This Series paper examines how mother and baby attributes at the individual level interact with breastfeeding determinants at other levels, how these interactions drive breastfeeding outcomes, and what policies and interventions are necessary to achieve optimal breastfeeding. 

Journal article

Feb 07 2023

The political economy of infant and young child feeding: confronting corporate power, overcoming structural barriers, and accelerating progress (Baker P, Smith JP, et al, The Lancet. 2023)

Despite increasing evidence about the value and importance of breastfeeding, less than half of the world's infants and young children (aged 0–36 months) are breastfed as recommended. This Series paper examines the social, political, and economic reasons for this problem.

Journal article

Oct 28 2022

Babies before business: protecting the integrity of health professionals from institutional conflict of interest (Becker GE, Ching C, Nguyen TT, 2022)

In this commentary published in BMJ Global Health, the authors cite a broad scoping review in asserting that despite being aware of their Code violations and how these create problems for countries, associations and individuals, the commercial milk formula industry continues to use health systems

Guide, Handout, Job aid

Feb 09 2022

code quick guide

A Quick Guide: The International Code of Marketing for Breast-milk Substitutes

Updated February 2022!

This quick guide summarizes the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (The Code) and relevant resolutions of the World Health Assembly that help protect breastfeeding around the globe.