Updated February 2022!
This quick guide summarizes the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (The Code) and relevant resolutions of the World Health Assembly that help protect breastfeeding around the globe.
Misalignment of global COVID-19 breastfeeding and newborn care guidelines with World Health Organization recommendations (Hoang, D.V., 2020. BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health)
Guidance documents from 33 countries on newborn care for infants whose mothers are diagnosed with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 were assessed for alignment with WHO recommendations, revealing considerable inconsistencies.
Old Tricks, New Opportunities: How Companies Violate the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes and Undermine Maternal and Child Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Ching, C., 2021. Int'l Journal of Environmental Research and Pub Hth)
An analysis reveals that breastmilk substitutes companies are using health claims, misinformation about breastfeeding, digital marketing, and promotional tactics such as donations and services to capitalize on families’ COVID-19 fears to undermine breastfeeding and sell products.
Mistakes from the HIV pandemic should inform the COVID-19 response for maternal and newborn care (Gribble, K., 2020. International Breastfeeding Journal)
During the COVID-19 pandemic, policy makers and practitioners must learn from mistakes made during the HIV pandemic, when breastfeeding was undermined through isolating infants from their mothers, and formula feeding resulted in more infant deaths than the disease.
Early child growth: how do nutrition and infection interact? (Dewey, K., 2011. Maternal & Child Nutrition)
This study reviews how the interaction between nutrition and infection affects child growth in low‐income populations.
The challenge of meeting nutrient needs of infants and young children during the period of complementary feeding: an evolutionary perspective (Dewey, K., 2013. The Journal of Nutrition)
This paper provides an evolutionary perspective on why modern complementary food diets are often inadequate, asserting that inadequate diets and nutritional deficiencies have likely been a part of the human condition since the agricultural revolution.