Breastfeeding and infant care as ‘sexed’ care work: reconsideration of the three Rs to enable women’s rights, economic empowerment, nutrition and health (Gribble KD, Smith JP, et al. Frontiers in Public Health. 2023)
The "Three Rs" framework aims to achieve gender equality by recognizing, reducing, and redistributing women's care and domestic work. However, breastfeeding is a unique form of care work that should not be reduced and cannot be directly redistributed to fathers or others.
Innovative financing for a gender-equitable first-food system to mitigate greenhouse gas impacts of commercial milk formula: investing in breastfeeding as a carbon offset (Smith JP, Borg B, et al, Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2023)
Women's significant contributions to food production and security, especially through breastfeeding, often go unnoticed, perpetuating inequitable and unsustainable global food systems.
The volume and monetary value of human milk produced by the world's breastfeeding mothers: Results from a new tool (Smith J, Iellamo A, Mathisen R, Ngyuen T, 2023)
The Mothers' Milk Tool was developed to make more visible the economic value contributed to society by women's unpaid care work through breastfeeding infants and young children.
Marketing of commercial milk formula: a system to capture parents, communities, science, and policy (Rollins N, Piwoz E, Zambrano P, et al, The Lancet. 2023)
Despite proven benefits, less than half of infants and young children globally are breastfed in accordance with the recommendations of WHO.
Breastfeeding: crucially important, but increasingly challenged in a market-driven world (Pérez-Escamilla R, Tomori C, et al, The Lancet. 2023)
This Series paper examines how mother and baby attributes at the individual level interact with breastfeeding determinants at other levels, how these interactions drive breastfeeding outcomes, and what policies and interventions are necessary to achieve optimal breastfeeding.
The political economy of infant and young child feeding: confronting corporate power, overcoming structural barriers, and accelerating progress (Baker P, Smith JP, et al, The Lancet. 2023)
Despite increasing evidence about the value and importance of breastfeeding, less than half of the world's infants and young children (aged 0–36 months) are breastfed as recommended. This Series paper examines the social, political, and economic reasons for this problem.