Breastfeeding practices and associated factors at the individual, family, health facility and environmental levels in China

October 27, 2020

This article examines the association between breastfeeding practices and associated factors in China, revealing that although breastfeeding is the norm, rates of early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) are low. The prevalence of EIBF and EBF is associated with factors at the individual, family, health facility and environmental levels, including health systems, families, maternity protection, the built environment, breastfeeding knowledge, support from partners, the prevalence of cesarean deliveries, and the marketing of breastmilk substitutes; however, few previous large-scale studies have been conducted in China to examine the determinants of breastfeeding practices.